Thinking of redesigning your space but have no idea where to start? No worries; you're in the right place! To get a head start, you first need to analyze your space. How big is it? What's the shape of the room? What about orientation? Some would rely on floorplan measuring apps to do the job, but for complex layouts and open floorplan, they’re not always a great choice. Here, we're going to walk you through a step-by-step guide in measuring a room accurately to draft a floorplan.
First, you need to get the things you need:
- Blank White Paper or Graphing paper
- Tape measure
- Metric scale or Ruler
- Pen / Sharpie Marker
Step 1 - Draw a Rough Sketch of the Room Layout
Draw a rough sketch of the layout of the room on a piece of paper. No need to be perfect here because it's still a draft. The goal is to get the basic shape and form of the layout and be familiar with it before you start measuring the room. The rough sketch will also serve as your guide when you start with the process.
Step 2- Measure, Measure, Measure
If the room is too big and complex, you might need the assistance of another person to ensure precise measurements.
Measure the walls
Run the tape measure along the walls and take note of the measurements. If your walls have a baseboard along the floor, use it as a guide for your tape measure to make sure that the dimensions are as precise as possible.
Measure the floor to ceiling height
Once done with the walls, measure the height of the room from floor to ceiling. If there are recessed areas or small steps on the floor, include them in the measurement. This will be useful in drawing and analyzing sections of the room.
Measure openings (doors and windows)
Measure the size of the windows including their architectural features or moldings if there are any. Determine the height of the window from the floor and the remaining space between the topmost part of the window to the ceiling. Include the doors and door framing and other kinds of opening.
Measure recessed or protruding walls and other architectural features
Don't forget to include the details in the measurement. Assess all built-in features in your interior because this will be crucial in your final layout. This could be a sink or kitchen counter, fireplace, or certain architectural design in your wall.
Determine the location of electrical outlets and switches
Locate the outlets and switches in your plan. Determining their location would also be ideal for future references when it comes to placing appliances and lighting fixtures.
Step 3 - Make a Scaled drawing
Now that you are done with the measurements, it's time to sit down and draw. Using a metric scale, draft a scaled drawing of the floorplan based on the measurements that you have gathered. Choose the appropriate scale that you think will best present your floorplan. To keep it simple, use graphing paper to scale your drawing. For example, 1 square will be equal to 1 foot and so on.
Step 4 - Place Dimensions
When you are done with the final drawing, don't forget to place the dimensions that you have listed first in your rough sketch. It is important to always label your drawings with the precise dimensions so it would be convenient for you to check them later on when you start redesigning.
Step 5 - Label Accordingly
Label your spaces accordingly. Place symbols for the electrical outlets and switches. Draw material symbols and door and window schedules. Include necessary labels such as the name of spaces, existing material finishes, and other details.
Step 6 - Draw the Elevations
Since you have already measured the floor to ceiling height of the room, including openings such as doors and windows, it would be ideal to present the room clearly with an elevation drawing. This will show the detailed features of the windows and doors and will help you to better scrutinize the room for later design purposes.
There you have it! Measuring and drawing your floorplan is just one part of the process of designing. But hey, you're one step closer and next is the fun part which is designing. Try to layout furniture placements on the floorplan that you have drawn. Experiment and be creative as you can. Brainstorm and let your creative juices flow. The sky is the limit!